We offer fashion and quality at the best price in a more sustainable way. During the early Middle Ages it came under Visigothic rule, and then much of it was conquered by Muslim invaders from North Africa. On 11 March 2004 a local Islamist terrorist group inspired by Al-Qaeda carried out the largest terrorist attack in Spanish history when they killed 191 people and wounded more than 1,800 others by bombing commuter trains in Madrid. Other major plays from the medieval times were Mester de Juglaría, Mester de Clerecía, Coplas por la muerte de su padre or El Libro de buen amor (The Book of Good Love). Ministers (designated by the Prime Minister). Julien Doré ... 50. Enregistrez votre propre itinéraire depuis l'app, téléchargez-le et partagez-le avec la communauté. Astonishing 18th hole! [36] Outside the cities, where the vast majority lived, the land ownership system from Roman times remained largely intact as Muslim leaders rarely dispossessed landowners and the introduction of new crops and techniques led to an expansion of agriculture introducing new produces which originally came from Asia or the former territories of the Roman Empire.[37]. [22], Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia, Ἑσπερία in Greek) and Spain, being still further west, as Hesperia ultima. In the 11th century, the Muslim holdings fractured into rival Taifa states (Arab, Berber, and Slav),[38] allowing the small Christian states the opportunity to greatly enlarge their territories. Citrus fruits, vegetables, cereal grains, olive oil, and wine—Spain's traditional agricultural products—continued to be important in the 1980s. A handful of small Christian pockets in the north were left out of Muslim rule, along the presence of the Carolingian Empire near the Pyrenées, eventually led to the emergence of the Christian kingdoms of León, Castile, Aragon, Portugal and Navarre. After the birth rate plunged in the 1980s and Spain's population growth rate dropped, the population again trended upward initially upon the return of many Spaniards who had emigrated to other European countries during the 1970s, and more recently, fuelled by large numbers of immigrants who make up 12% of the population. The decline culminated in a controversy over succession to the throne which consumed the first years of the 18th century. Athanagild, having risen against King Agila, called in the Byzantines and, in payment for the succour they gave him, ceded to them the maritime places of the southeast (554). Top 250 from United States. The Spanish Armed Forces are divided into three branches:[154], Military conscription was suppressed in 2001.[155]. Découvrez les plus beaux endroits du monde, téléchargez des traces GPS et suivez le sentier des meilleures routes et chemins à partir d'une carte. Even on many international issues beyond western Europe, Spain prefers to coordinate its efforts with its EU partners through the European political co-operation mechanisms. In 1469, the crowns of the Christian kingdoms of Castile and Aragon were united by the marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon. Découvrez chaque semaine le classement des hits. Through exploration and conquest or royal marriage alliances and inheritance, the Spanish Empire expanded to include vast areas in the Americas, islands in the Asia-Pacific area, areas of Italy, cities in Northern Africa, as well as parts of what are now France, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula, stretching south from the Pyrenees Mountains to the Strait of Gibraltar, which separates Spain from Africa. With the exception of the region surrounding the capital, Madrid, the most populated areas lie around the coast. The Generation of 1927, where poets Pedro Salinas, Jorge Guillén, Federico García Lorca, Vicente Aleixandre, Dámaso Alonso. Political corruption and repression weakened the democratic system of the constitutional monarchy of a two-parties system. [122] According to Inter-Parliamentary Union data as of 1 September 2018, 137 of the 350 members of the Congress were women (39.1%), while in the Senate, there were 101 women out of 266 (39.9%), placing Spain 16th on their list of countries ranked by proportion of women in the lower (or single) House. Ecouter. [226] Since 2000, Spain has experienced high population growth as a result of immigration flows, despite a birth rate that is only half the replacement level. plaza de espagna inviata il 09 Ottobre 2020 ore 21:57 da Roberto Nisi. We supply cables for construction projects, marine, offshore, OEM's and renewable energy plants. [268] Both festivals mark Spain as an international music presence and reflect the tastes of young people in the country. More than 879,000 (42%) of them had Spanish nationality. Isidore was one of the most influential clerics and philosophers in the Middle Ages in Europe, and his theories were also vital to the conversion of the Visigothic Kingdom from an Arian domain to a Catholic one in the Councils of Toledo. The "Disaster" of 1898 led established writers to seek practical political, economic, and social solutions in essays grouped under the literary heading of Regeneracionismo. [30] Most of Spain's present languages and religion, and the basis of its laws, originate from this period.[29]. Free Delivery and Returns. During the Reconquista, the epic poem Cantar de Mio Cid was written about a real man—his battles, conquests, and daily life. While its most famous event is the encierro, or the running of the bulls, which happens at 8:00 am from 7 July to 14 July, the seven days-long celebration involves many other traditional and folkloric events. The only legal party under Franco's dictatorship was the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS (FET y de las JONS), formed in 1937 upon the merging of the Fascist Falange Española de las JONS and the Carlist traditionalists and to which the rest of right-wing groups supporting the rebels also added. On 30 May 1982 Spain joined NATO, followed by a referendum after a strong social opposition. The health care system of Spain (Spanish National Health System) is considered one of the best in the world, in 7th position in the ranking elaborated by the World Health Organization. Top 250 from United States. 19/11/2019. [199] Spain subsequently has one of the oldest populations in the world, with the average age of 43.1 years. These include the landscape of Monte Perdido in the Pyrenees, which is shared with France, the Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of the Côa Valley and Siega Verde, which is shared with Portugal, the Heritage of Mercury, shared with Slovenia and the Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests, shared with other countries of Europe. [168] The Basque capital city of Vitoria-Gasteiz received the European Green Capital Award in 2012. In fact, Spain was Europe's largest absorber of migrants from 2002 to 2007, with its immigrant population more than doubling as 2.5 million people arrived. We recommend you to check other playlists or our favorite music charts. Top 500 YouTubers (30 Days) Top 500 YouTubers (1 Day) Worst 500 YouTubers (30 Days) Worst 500 YouTubers (1 Day) Top "Made for Kids" YouTube Creators. E. Mariah Carey All I Want For Christmas Is You. The Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) is the leading public agency dedicated to scientific research in the country. Long united only by the Crown, a true Spanish state was established when the first Bourbon king, Philip V, united the crowns of Castile and Aragon into a single state, abolishing many of the old regional privileges and laws.[79]. Discover 1,534 holiday homes to book online for your Pont d'Espagne, Cauterets holiday. Spanish explorers brought back precious metals, spices, luxuries, and previously unknown plants, and played a leading part in transforming the European understanding of the globe. In 2011 alone, more than half a million people left Spain. Various regional styles of folk music abound in Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia, Castile, the Basque Country, Galicia, Cantabria and Asturias. Industrialisation, the development of railways and incipient capitalism developed in several areas of the country, particularly in Barcelona, as well as Labour movement and socialist and anarchist ideas. Large numbers of indigenous Americans died in battle against the Spaniards during the conquest,[67] while others died from various other causes. Tourist information, video and reviews. [83] It met as one body, and its members represented the entire Spanish empire. This changed in 1955, during the Cold War period, when it became strategically important for the US to establish a military presence on the Iberian Peninsula as a counter to any possible move by the Soviet Union into the Mediterranean basin. Check out our picks for the top 50 albums of 2018 below. Trouvez les meilleurs itinéraires et parcours de Randonnée dans Colera, Catalogne (Espagne). [39] 70 Viking ships were captured and burned. [citation needed] For example, ESPON considers Oviedo–Gijón–Avilés as a single FUA, while Urban Audit has separate LUZs for Oviedo and Gijón. This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in Spain by population.. Other notable Andalusian Baroque sculptors were Pedro de Mena, Pedro Roldán and his daughter Luisa Roldán, Juan de Mesa and Pedro Duque Cornejo. Discover 683 studio vacation rentals to book online direct from owner in Pont d'Espagne, Cauterets. Pop, rock, hip hop and heavy metal are also popular. King Juan Carlos took personal command of the military and successfully ordered the coup plotters, via national television, to surrender.[95]. High levels of unemployment, cuts in government spending and corruption in Royal family and People's Party served as a backdrop to the 2011–12 Spanish protests. Within the EU, Spain had the 2nd highest immigration rate in percentage terms after Cyprus, but by a great margin, the highest in absolute numbers, up to 2008. While still driven by the national and existential questions that obsessed the writers of '98, they approached these topics with a greater sense of distance and objectivity. Jesús Luis Cunchillos [es] argued that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". The war claimed the lives of over 500,000 people and caused the flight of up to a half-million citizens from the country. Autonomous communities are divided into provinces, of which there are 50 in total, and in turn, provinces are divided into municipalities. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Current Previous Cover Title Peak Weeks 1. (1) 1 Thuis. [33][34], Conversion to Islam proceeded at an increasing pace. On 25 March, the death toll in Spain was the second highest in the world.[114]. [citation needed], Due to its historical and geographical diversity, Spanish architecture has drawn from a host of influences. The Society's co-founder, Francis Xavier, was a missionary who reached India and later Japan. 1ª parte: entorno físico y medio ambiente", "Population Figures at 01 January 2019. There was then an extraordinary flowering of the Gothic style that resulted in numerous instances being built throughout the entire territory. Spanish cinema has achieved major international success including Oscars for recent films such as Pan's Labyrinth and Volver. [105] On 19 June 2014, the monarch, Juan Carlos, abdicated in favour of his son, who became Felipe VI. [90], In 1962, a group of politicians involved in the opposition to Franco's regime inside the country and in exile met in the congress of the European Movement in Munich, where they made a resolution in favour of democracy.[91][92][93]. Earn free nights and get our Price Guarantee - booking has never been easier on Hotels.com! The largest groups inhabiting the Iberian Peninsula before the Roman conquest were the Iberians and the Celts. [187] The former Minister of Industry Miguel Sebastián said that "the electric vehicle is the future and the engine of an industrial revolution."[188]. [31] The Spanish-Gothic scholars such as Braulio of Zaragoza and Isidore of Seville played an important role in keeping the classical Greek and Roman culture. Their origin is unclear. If you enjoyed listening to this one, maybe you will like: 1. [186], The Spanish road system is mainly centralised, with six highways connecting Madrid to the Basque Country, Catalonia, Valencia, West Andalusia, Extremadura and Galicia. Other festivals include: La Tomatina tomato festival in Buñol, Valencia, the carnivals in the Canary Islands, the Falles in Valencia or the Holy Week in Andalusia and Castile and León.