The system was controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed the network. The city came under Roman rule around 60 BC, and it became an important commercial centre for tin and lead. In the second round, it was Chantal Bourragué who was re-elected with 54.45% against 45.55% for his socialist opponent. France population 2020|population of france|france population 2019|bordeaux population Then came François Bayrou with 22.01%, followed by Jean-Marie Le Pen who recorded 5.42%. Mae-Berenice-Meite (46.82) in 11th and Laurine Lecavelier (46.53) in 12th. J Psychosom Res. Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he said: "Take Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux". [45], Today a lot of traces and memorial sites are visible in the city. Hannover's 2020 population is now estimated at 536,976.In 1950, the population of Hannover was 444,334.Hannover has grown by 478 since 2015, which represents a 0.09% annual change. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7 km (4.3 mi), while 8% travel for over 12 km (7.5 mi) in a single direction.[49]. 5 Université Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U1219 - Bordeaux Population Health, Bordeaux, France. The built-up area has grown for more than a century beyond the municipal borders of Bordeaux due to urban sprawl, so that by January 2017 there were 1,247,977 people living in the overall 5,613 km2 (2,167 sq mi) metropolitan area (aire urbaine) of Bordeaux,[4] only a fifth of whom lived in the city proper. Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". The restoration of the Ramnulfid Dukes of Aquitaine under William IV and his successors (known as the House of Poitiers) brought continuity of government.[13]. However, after a rather exciting campaign it was Alain Juppé who was widely elected in the first round with 56.62%, far ahead of Alain Rousset who has managed to get 34.14%. Firstly, during the 18th and 19th centuries, Bordeaux was an important slave port, which saw some 500 slave expeditions that cause the deportation of 150,000 Africans by Bordeaux shipowners. Bordeaux. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two seats. Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and the majority supported the Bourbons. # Many streets and squares along the tramway route became pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars. Jean Lassalle, who qualified for the second round, passed the 10% mark by totaling 10.77%. African face mascaron on the place de la Bourse. The battle had a high death toll, and although Eudes was defeated he had enough troops to engage in the Battle of Poitiers and so retain his grip on Aquitaine. Another bridge, the Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc, is to be built in 2018.[46]. A crossroads of knowledge through university research, it is home to one of the only two megajoule lasers in the world, as well as a university pole of nearly 100,000 students within the Bordeaux metropolis.[7]. Find out what statistics the population of the country, city, district on In 1793, during the French Revolution, the National Convention abolished the university, and replace them with the École centrale in 1796. Red Bordeaux wine is called claret in the United Kingdom. The shops become progressively more upmarket as one moves towards Place de la Comédie and the nearby Cours de l'Intendance is where one finds the more exclusive shops and boutiques. Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). Population Pyramids: France - 2019. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2007-2012 (+0.51%/year), Bordeaux population in 2020 would be: 251 393*. The Vandals attacked again in 409, followed by the Visigoths in 414, and the Franks in 498, and afterwards the city fell into a period of relative obscurity. Bordeaux is also the first city in France to have created, in the 1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en rêve. Bordeaux. A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas, was constructed in 2009–2012 and opened to traffic in March 2013. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city. [12] It continued to flourish, especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century), and acquired the status of capital of Roman Aquitaine. Total number of cities: 288. Bordeaux is also ranked as a Sufficiency city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Saint-André Cathedral, Saint-Michel Basilica and Saint-Seurin Basilica are part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. [42] Secondly, even though the "Triangular trade" represented only 5% of Bordeaux's wealth, the city's direct trade with the Caribbean, that accounted for the other 95%, concerns the colonial stuffs made by the slave (sugar, coffee, cocoa). The TGV also serves Toulouse and Irun (Spain) from Bordeaux. The Mayor of the city is the environmentalist Pierre Hurmic. 8 333 sont artisans, commerçants ou chefs d'entreprise. List of cities in France by population 2019 2020. After these came Jean-Marie Le Pen with 10.44%, none of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. The metro area population of Bordeaux in 2019 was 957,000, a 1.27% increase from 2018. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89, with Toulouse by the A62, and with Spain by the A63. [14] After granting a tax-free trade status with England, Henry was adored by the locals as they could be even more profitable in the wine trade, their main source of income, and the city benefited from imports of cloth and wheat. In 1793, the Montagnards led by Robespierre and Marat came to power. Historically the left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. In 773, following his father Eudes's death, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion to which Charles responded by launching an expedition that captured Bordeaux. It should be added that after the partial 2008 elections, the eighth district of Gironde switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. The 2009 European elections were like the previous ones in eight constituencies. The abstention rates for Bordeaux were 14.52% in the first round and 15.90% in the second round. Towards the end of the Peninsula War of 1814, the Duke of Wellington sent William Beresford with two divisions and seized Bordeaux, encountering little resistance. Bordeaux voted for Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election. The skate-park is very well maintained by the municipality. 12.% of public transit riders, ride for more than 2 hours every day. [citation needed] The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to the Bordeaux area having the most important concentration of optical and laser expertise in Europe. The development of this yeast often occurs during wine aging, especially during the summer. The summer of 2003 set a record with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).[23]. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. 2020 Jan;128:109884. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2019.109884. The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened its doors in June 2016. Source: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques, France (web). In 1802, Napoleon revoked the manumission law but lost the war against the army of former slaves. Population. The city is built on a bend of the river Garonne, and is divided into two parts: the right bank to the east and left bank in the west. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. Bordeaux Urban Area Population Projections. Italian submarines participated in the Battle of the Atlantic from that base, which was also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat Flotilla. We show that in the Bordeaux region, the temperatures of some cellars rise significantly in July, August, and September. At present, of the eight cantons that has Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left eating a little each time into the right's numbers. There is a 250 m (820 ft) wooden velodrome, Vélodrome du Lac, in Bordeaux which hosts international cycling competition in the form of UCI Track Cycling World Cup events. Frosts in the winter occur several times during a winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three years. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère. Hunald's son Waifer replaced him and confirmed Bordeaux as the capital city (along with Bourges in the north). During the purge, the local Montagnard Section renamed the city of Bordeaux "Commune-Frankin" (Franklin-municipality) in homage to Benjamin Franklin. The 41,458-capacity Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux is the largest stadium in Bordeaux. The city area is represented by the following constituencies: Gironde's 1st, Gironde's 2nd, Gironde's 3rd, Gironde's 4th, Gironde's 5th, Gironde's 6th, Gironde's 7th. Bordeaux had its largest population of 267,409 in 1921. They engaged to construct the first bridge of Bordeaux, and customs warehouses. Londinium, as it was known, rapidly turned into the capital of Romes Britannia territory, and by the second century AD, it was a flourishing trade area with a population of just about 60,000 individuals. The two-track Eiffel bridge with a speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) became a bottleneck and a new bridge was built, opening in 2009. In the parliamentary elections of 2007, the left won eight constituencies against only three for the right. In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German occupation. The network consists of: This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am. used data from the number of the population from official sources. Bordeaux's climate is classified as a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), or in the Trewartha climate classification system as temperate oceanic or Do climate. Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. [citation needed]. Tourism, especially wine tourism, is a major industry. Conventional overhead cables are used outside the city. Le taux d'activité des personnes de plus de 15 ans résidant à Bordeaux est de 69.7%. The old station was later converted and in 2010 comprised a cinema and restaurants. In 778, Seguin (or Sihimin) was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, and possibly leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass[9]-. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year. The "Pearl of Aquitaine" has been voted European Destination of the year in a 2015 online poll. [9] The metropolis has also received awards and rankings by international organizations such as in 1957, Bordeaux was awarded the Europe Prize for its efforts in transmitting the European ideal. The 2000 United States Census lists 57,793 persons of Basque ancestry. Video of my talk at the Fields Institute for Research in Mathematical Sciences Toronto Canada on March 31 2020 Finally, in the third constituency of the Gironde, Noël Mamère was well ahead with 39.82% against 28.42% for the UMP candidate Elizabeth Vine. 6 National Center of Epidemiology, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Union Bordeaux Bègles is a rugby team in the Top 14 in the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Located halfway between the Pont de pierre and the Pont d'Aquitaine and serving downtown rather than highway traffic, it is a vertical-lift bridge with a height comparable to the Pont de pierre in closed position, and to the Pont d'Aquitaine in open position. Bordeaux is also one of the centers of gastronomy[6] and business tourism for the organization of international congresses. Bordeaux has a population of 243,626 people and it’s located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. Since July 2017, the LGV Sud Europe Atlantique is fully operational and makes Bordeaux city 2h04 from Paris. It stands out as one of the first French cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur then the Marquis de Tourny. But, today, the right bank is developing, including new urban projects. [47] During the planning there was much lobbying by the Eiffel family and other supporters to preserve the old bridge as a footbridge across the Garonne, with possibly a museum to document the history of the bridge and Gustave Eiffel's contribution. [21], In 2007, 40% of the city surface area, located arourd the Port of the Moon, was listed as World heritage sites. For the ocean liner, see, Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France, 12th century to 15th century, the English era, French Revolution : political disruption, and loss of the most profitable colony, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, GHCN climate, GISS world climate averages, 1971–2000, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, 2019 European Parliament election in France, Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux, École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux, École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales, Institut supérieur européen de gestion group, Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action, World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France, Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty, List of twin towns and sister cities in France, "Bordeaux : Découvrir Bordeaux - Histoire de Bordeaux", "Comparateur de territoire, Unité urbaine de Bordeaux (33701)", "Comparateur de territoire, Aire urbaine de Bordeaux (006)", "Five Reasons To Visit The World's Wine Capital, Bordeaux",, "Classement des villes étudiantes par nombre d'étudiants", "Bordeaux named European destination of the year",,,,,, "World's largest digital arts centre opens in Bordeaux submarine base", "Climatological Information for Bordeaux, France", "Normes et records 1961–1990: Bordeaux-Merignac (33) – altitude 47m", "Bordeaux Wine Region in France: World's Most Famous Fine Wine Region", "Bordeaux : la Cité du vin cernée par les chantiers",,, Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2007 à Bordeaux, Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2012 à Bordeaux,,, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology,,,, "Bordeaux : voici le tracé du tramway qui va desservir l'aéroport", "Bordeaux Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "When Bordeaux city centre became a Formula 1 racing track", "Bordeaux – Rayonnement européen et mondial", "Bordeaux-Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures", "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation", "British towns twinned with French towns", "International Relations of the City of Porto", "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties", "Samsun- Bordeaux işbirliği sözleşmesini imzalandı", Bordeaux submarine base : history, description, photos, Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, Prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the Vézère valley, Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France,, Port cities and towns on the French Atlantic coast, Articles with French-language sources (fr), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing Occitan (post 1500)-language text, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The University Bordeaux 1, (Maths, Physical sciences and Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002, The University Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux Segalen (Medicine and Life sciences), 15,038 students in 2002, The University Bordeaux 3, Michel de Montaigne (, The University Bordeaux 4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management), 12,556 students in 2002, École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique, École nationale supérieure d'électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA), École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux, École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux, Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux, The Bordeaux MBA (International College of Bordeaux), IUT Techniques de Commercialisation of Bordeaux (business school), Vatel Bordeaux International Business School, CTBA, wood and furniture research center, A. Loisier, 1998, The Management Science faculty on the Bastide, Anne Lacaton/Jean-Philippe Vassal, 2006, The Nuyens School complex on the Bastide, Yves Ballot/Nathalie Franck, 2007, Seeko'o Hotel on the Quai des Chartrons, King Kong architects, 2007, École nationale supérieure d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 23:05. [4] It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. [17] The Port of the Moon supplied the majority of Europe with coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton and indigo, becoming France's busiest port and the second busiest port in the world after London. [citation needed] The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress a Basque rebellion. Explanation: Agglomerations are composed of communes in the boundaries of 1 January 2019. In the first round, Alain Juppé was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for Michèle Delaunay. [43] And thirdly, in that same period, a major migratory movement by Aquitanians took place to the Caribbean colonies, with Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) being the most popular destination. Unesco inscribed Bordeaux as "an inhabited historic city, an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble, created in the age of the Enlightenment, whose values continued up to the first half of the 20th century, with more protected buildings than any other French city except Paris".[22]. The main railway station, Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean, near the center of the city, has 12 million passengers a year. From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux flourished once more following the marriage of Eléonore, Duchess of Aquitaine and the last of the House of Poitiers, to Henry II Plantagenêt, Count of Anjou and the grandson of Henry I of England, who succeeded to the English crown months after their wedding, bringing into being the vast Angevin Empire, which stretched from the Pyrenees to Ireland. In 1441, when Bordeaux was an English town, the Pope Eugene IV created a university by demand of the archbishop Pey Berland. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. [34] They are divided according to the following composition: Since the Liberation (1944), there have been 6 mayors of Bordeaux: At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their votes to Ségolène Royal of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. 2022 991,000 Georges-Eugène Haussmann, a longtime prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform the quasi-medieval Paris into a "modern" capital that would make France proud.

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