Louis XIV did not. [18] Having been bled and given emetics, she died in Versailles at the age of 26. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Madame de Caylus wrote to Madame des Ursins two days later: “The princess gave life to everything and charmed us all. The Duc was not entirely without fault for the failed campaign, but Vendôme was not innocent either. Ses grands-parents maternels étaient Ferdinand-Marie, électeur de Bavière et Henriette-Adélaïde de Savoie, fille de Victor-Amédée Ier, le duc de Savoie. The fever returned over night and this time stronger. Dans un pays protestant, la reine, qui est catholique et de qui le roi accepte tout, déchaîne des révoltes. She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and of Anne Marie d'Orléans. Marie Adélaïde bore two more children in 1707 and 1710. The court did not just whisper about it, they watched all of it. He loved Marie-Adélaïde and mourned her like he had once mourned his mother. The little girl was baptised Marie-Adélaïde, with her grandmother Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Savoie and Emmanuel-Philibert de Savoie-Carignan acting as godparents. Louis directed his anger at Vendôme now and Marie-Adélaïde finished him skilfully. The mourning court traveled to Fontainebleau in February 1712. Her arrival in Versailles was described "like a breath of fresh air," reviving the dull court. Mme. During a court ball the Duchesse de Bourgogne was engaged in a conversation with Louis XIV himself when a maid of hers snug in under the Duchesse's elaborate ball gown and performed an enema right on the spot! (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) La Duchesse De Bourgogne - Une Princesse De Savoie À La Cour De Louis Xiv 1685-1712. In early April 1711, her father-in-law Le Grand Dauphin caught smallpox and died on 14 April at the Château de Meudon. She wrote in a letter to Anne-Marie d’Orléans: “Your Royal Highness, will hardly believe how pleased the king is. Emperor Leopold declined, due to the young age of Marie-Adélaïde. She met Louis XIV there for the first time on 4 November and the great Sun King was at once utterly taken with her. Dans un pays protestant, la reine, qui est catholique et de qui le roi accepte tout, déchaîne des révoltes. As part of the Treaty of Turin, Victor-Amédée’s French-born mistress Jeanne-Baptiste d’Albert de Luynes and the Comte de Tessé arranged a match for Marie-Adélaïde. As for my aunt (Madame de Maintenon), it is impossible for me to speak of her, except to obey her instructions. Maulevrier whispered to her what he had found out on the way and talked bad of his rival. While she tried, the doctors, seven of them, had a chat about what to do next. [8] The Treaty of Turin was negotiated under the influence of the Maréchal de Tessé, who suggested that Marie Adelaïde be sent to France to perfect her education before marrying the French prince.[9]. Marie-Adélaïde panicked as she reached her rooms and told everything to Madame de Nogaret, who advised her to be very careful with Maulevrier or he might completely lose it. Ils eurent trois enfants. [17] Upon the death of Le Grand Dauphin, Marie Adélaïde's husband became Dauphin of France and she Dauphine of France. She clearly had the King’s ear and the King cared for more than just her amusement… but being the King’s favourite companion was not as fun as it might sound. The child, a short-lived boy, was given the title Duke of Brittany[16] before his death in 1705. Upon her arrival in France, Louis XIV, who had come to greet her, met her in Montargis on 4 November 1696,[10] and was quite pleased with "the Princess". LOUIS DE FRANCE. Lansquenet was a game dating back to the Thirty Years’ War and named after the French spelling of the German word Landsknecht. She married Victor-Amédée II, a grandchild of Louis XIII’s sister Christine de France, in April 1684. Portraits de Louis, duc de Bourgogne et de M. A. de Savoie, Duchesse de Bourgogne dans deux bordures ovales posées sur une console : [estampe] -- -- images Prince Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne (1682 - 1712), Dauphin de France et Prince de Viane en 1711, à la mort de son père le Grand Dauphin. It was probably the first and only time he ignored etiquette. Maulevrier, not wanting to leave court to participate in a campaign, feigned and illness and pretended to have lost his voice. A rose of Savoy; Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, duchesse de Bourgogne, mother of Louis XV by Williams, H. Noel (Hugh Noel), 1870-1925. Nangis however was smart enough to not let himself be provoked. [7] Her father's dominions had been ravaged during the war. His heir, the last son of the duke de Bourgogne, was a five-year-old child who was not expected to live. Madame later said that Marie Adélaïde was one of the only two persons Louis XIV had ever truly loved in his life, the other being Anne of Austria, the king's mother. She had one on 1705 and Madame de Maintenon noted in a letter: “The Duchesse de Bourgogne is not well; the doctors prescribe a number of remedies which require much more patience than she is able to give. Louis XIV and Madame de Maintenon were plunged into sadness. Born at the Royal Palace of Turin in December 1685, Marie Adélaïde was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy since 1675,[2] and his French wife Anne Marie d'Orléans, a niece of Louis XIV, and the daughter of Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans and of Henrietta of England. Content may not be reproduced or distributed without permission of the author(s). One time the Dauphin, her father-in-law, wanted to host a public ball and wished her to be present. He knew what was going on and fearing for his very future at court, decided to avoid Maulevrier as best as he could. La Duchesse De Bourgogne Et L'Alliance Savoyarde Sous Louis XIV / Par Le Comte D'Haussonville. The Duc de Bourgogne, assured it was nothing serious as well, nevertheless travelled to Meudon, with his wife, to spent the day at the bedside of his father. Louis XIV, extremely pleased with her, sought to please her in return and arranged for all sorts of entertaining distractions. The Comte de Brionne, the oldest son of Louis de Lorraine and therefore a nephew of the Chevalier de Lorraine, picked her up at the border and escorted her to Montargis, around 110 kilometres south of Paris. On December 7, 1697, one day after turning 12, she was married to the king’s eldest grandson, Louis, duke of Burgundy. She later on suspected her of making fun of her and talking badly to the King of her. He loved it. She did not have a good night and spent it in much pain until 4 o’clock in the morning, when the pain suddenly vanished. However, Monsieur Fagon does not think much of the tumour of which she is so proud, for she likes to give big names to her maladies.” Another malady followed in 1708, which Madame de Maintenon blames on exhaustion after the festivities of the carnival. The Duc de Bourgogne was not greeted warmly as he returned to Versailles and it took quite a while until the truth became known. Il veut renouer avec les beaux jours de la Cour. She was unconscious for most of the day and her doctors had no clue why. Your email address will not be published. Par analogie avec son père, il est parfois appelé après sa mort le Petit Dauphin. The usual. Madame, her step-grandma, was not so much of a fan. Le marié a quinze ans et la duchesse douze. His body was borne, amid the jeers of the populace, to the Saint-Denis basilica. Pretty much nine months later, Anne-Marie nearly died during the birth of their first child, a daughter. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Her great enemy was the Duchess of Bourbon, a legitimated daughter of Louis XIV and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. The Duc and Duchesse de Bourgogne played a trick on the Princesse d’Harcourt at Marly one time. Her arrival had brought back the festivities and laughter, her death took all of it. but girls just wanna have fun. 2 Cf. Instead, three days a week, she was a pupil at the Maison royale de Saint-Louis, the girls' school Madame de Maintenon had founded in 1684 in Saint-Cyr, in the vicinity of Versailles. [13] She also maintained an ongoing correspondence with her parents and grandmother back in Savoy. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Marie-Adélaïde was already Louis’ favourite as it was finally time for the wedding to go ahead. She thought Marie-Adélaïde was only acting and her affections trained and not honest. While Maulevrier’s illness was feigned and not real at all, something else was. For her, she was pretty much a spoiled child without manners and respect. Petit-fils de Louis XIV et père de Louis XV.. Monsieur, her grandpa, was beside himself with joy at the thought. Elle est le dernier enfant de Charles Ier d’Angleterre et d’Henriette-Marie de Bourbon. Her betrothal at the age of 11 to Louis XIV’s grandson, the Duc de Bourgogne, in 1696, represented an effort by the king to “detach Savoy from the League of Augsburg” and was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed that same year, by which Victor Amadeus agreed to support Louis XIV in the Nine Years’ War (De Marly 95). Last update: 12-18-2020. Madame de Maintenon wrote to Madame des Ursins the very day: “The Dauphine has a fixed pain between the ear and the top of the jaw, just below the temple: the affected part is so small that you could cover it with a finger-nail; she has convulsions and cries like a woman in travail, and at about the same intervals. Marie-Adélaïde asked for the prayers for the dying to bed read an hour later, but was told that it was not yet that serious and she should try to sleep instead. Shortly later, Maulevrier tried to pick a quarrel with Nangis to provoke him to make a scene in public, which would have caused great ado once the reason for it emerged. In case of Maulevrier and Nangis, things got even more heated. Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. Marie-Adélaïde could be quite indiscreet… she jested in public about how pious her husband was… but she probably thought not much of it and meant no harm, after all she was of the generation that made fun of everything, as she said herself. Her husband was the eldest son of Le Grand Dauphin and Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria.[12]. A other time, while visiting Marly in winter, the Duchesse de Bourgogne and her companions broke into the bedroom of the Princesse d’Harcourt and snowballed her in her bed. The Duchesse recovered, slowly but surely, and contrary to what was considered proper for noble women, she actually raised the child herself. The Duchesse begged the Dauphin to excuse her, for his presence at Marly was hard to deal with already and playing cards, at one table, was more than she could bear after what happened. He visited his son several times a day, held his councils and worked with his ministers. Something else that worried Madame de Maintenon was that the Duc seemed way more in love with the Duchesse, than the Duchesse with him. Her porters were in the know, dropped the chair and fled at once, while the Princess was left struggling and shrieking inside. Marie-Adélaïde simply said she did not care if the man she dances with, is a King, a prince of the blood, a nobleman, a soldier or a nobody. In contrary to his own children and grandchildren, who had been brought up to feel more awe than affection for him, Marie-Adélaïde was a fresh breeze for Louis. Who ought to serve her husband, no matter how boring he might be. She used her influence over the aging king to prevent her political enemies from furthering their causes. On 6 December in 1697, her twelfth birthday, the marriage contract was signed and Marie-Adélaïde was wed to Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne, the following day. Hardly anyone seemed to have judged her for it. The new Duchess of Burgundy had a close relationship with the king and with Madame de Maintenon. Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. She taught her the who is who, the who to avoid, to whom she should be especially kind to, what the King enjoyed and what he did not enjoy, what her grandpa, Monsieur, liked and how she could please both. He locked himself in his room and only consumed milk, acting the weak sick man. Madame de Maintenon was not at all fond of gambling and Louis XIV was not too fond of it anymore either. She died of measles in 1712, followed by her husband a week later. Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy.She was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and of Anne Marie d'Orléans.Her betrothal to the Duke of Burgundy in June 1696 was part of the Treaty of Turin, signed on 29 August 1696.She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France. She was born in Turin on 6 December in 1685 to Victor-Amédée II, Duc de Savoie, and Anne-Marie d’Orléans. The Duc and Duchesse had three sons born between 1704 and 1710. She had to go wherever he went, even when she was not feeling well or pregnant. Le duc de Bretagne naît le 25 juin 1704. She was not afraid of him, not in the least, and thus there was no restrain on her side. If Louis wanted to go the Marly, Marie-Adélaïde had to go with him. I have just heard that she has slept for an hour and hopes to have a good night.”. Madame de Maintenon was constantly afraid that, due to the youthful spirit of the Duchesse, she might say or do something to compromise her husband. Her youngest son, the only child to survive beyond childhood, later became King Louis XV of France. LOUIS DE FRANCE. Thus he was not impressed as he learned of the Duchesse playing Lansquenet with some random gentlemen after a picnic. This worried Madame de Maintenon quite a bit. Her eyes were large and black, surrounded by long eyelashes.[6]. © partylike1660.com 2015-2020. Madame de Ventadour was renowned for having saved the infant Louis XV's life. As they arrived, her face was swollen and she retired to bed at once. I am going to see her, and will close this letter as late as possible in order to give you the last news. She had to rise again in the afternoon, because Louis insisted she should join him in the salons. Marie-Adélaïde said the pain was worse than what she suffered during childbirth. Then threatened to spill the beans to the King, la Maintenon, the Dauphin and her husband, while he held her hand so firm in his, that it was nearly crushed. We are still stunned by our loss, and every day we feel it more intensely. He had mental health issues and bordered on insanity. But everyone had to appear in new court robes. After the Dauphine's death, the royal family moved to Marly to avoid the spread of infection. It was quite the humiliation for him. Les doctrines et les réformes de droit public en réaction contre l'absolutisme de Louis XIV dans l'entourage du duc de Bourgogne by George Tréca ( ) L'Intendance de Flandre wallonne en 1698 : édition critique du mémoire rédigé "pour l'instruction du duc de Bourgogne by Louis Trénard ( Book ) The legitimate grandchildren of Louis XIV (in upper medallion) and children of Louis, le Grand Dauphin (in lower medallion): Philippe duc d'Anjou, Charles duc de Berry, and Louis duc de Bourgogne (Petit Dauphin) with his wife Marie-Adelaide de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne, 1697 engraving, French school. By 9 February, a strange rash appeared on her skin and alarmed the doctors. Marie-Adélaïde’s health was quite robust, but by then it appeared as if that was changing. Erfahrungsberichte zu Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert. Among her admirers were a Monsieur Nangis, very handsome, not too smart, but a great ladies’ man, and Monsieur Maulevrier, a nephew of Colbert, very ugly, but very skilled and ambitious. It was as if the court woke from a long slumber. As Monsieur died in 1701, she was beside herself with grief for a long time. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Maulevrier stayed in Spain for a year and by the time he returned, his state of mind had changed from bordering on insanity to completely insane. Anne-Marie d’Orléans was a daughter of Monsieur, brother to Louis XIV, and his first wife Henriette … Neither of it helped and only weakened her further… and so, on 12 February, a Friday, after several hours of unconsciousness, Marie-Adélaïde died at 8 o’clock in the evening. Publication date 1909 Topics Marie Adelaide, of Savoy, Duchess of Burgundy, 1685-1712 Publisher New York, Charles Scribner's Sons Collection cornell; americana En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Just as quickly as the pain vanished, the fever returned. Even more so as the King heard of the matter and thus withdrew his right to appear at Marly, for it bothered the Duchesse. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) Occasion dès 55,50 € She did that and also received absolution and extreme unction. Saint-Simon wrote about her: “She was kind to everybody, even to the least influential and the most unimportant, without any appearance of conscious effort. Her papa had in mind to marry her to Austria, that is to the Archduke Joseph, the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I from his third wife. On 18 January, a Monday, Louis XIV went to Marly and as always, insisted Marie-Adélaïde should go with him. The court watched all amused how much she cared for the health of the gentleman. Le roi a … Madame de Maintenon wrote on 28 December 1711: “Our dear princess has been tortured for several days by abscesses in her teeth; but she is rather better to-day.” And on 11 January: “A few days ago she had a feverish attack; the courtiers were dismayed, and talked of the irreparable loss which her death would cause.” Versailles had a very deadly measles epidemic that winter. The friend’s of the Duchesse came for the rescue. Nobody had expected it, especially not Marie-Adélaïde, who judging by Louis XIV’s advanced age, would be the new Queen of France in a couple of years…. The only child to survive the epidemic was the future Louis XV who was locked inside his apartments with his governess Madame de Ventadour to avoid being bled to death by doctors like his elder brother had been. To maintain her influence over her grandfather-in-law, the Duchess of Burgundy organized Berry's marriage to Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, the eldest daughter of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and of his wife Françoise Marie de Bourbon. Le roi a souhaité que les fêtes soient superbes. Erfahrungsberichte zu Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert. This treaty between her father and Louis XIV agreed that her father would support France in the Nine Years' War. Princesses, perfect or not so perfect, all share a fate. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne puis dauphine de France : une princesse musicienne et mécène à la cour de Louis XIV (Jean-Philippe Goujon) « Que Mme la duchesse de Bourgogne fasse sa volonté depuis le matin jusqu’au soir ». [4] Marie Adélaïde enjoyed a particularly close relationship with her grandmother as well as her mother who, despite protocol, was raising her children herself, which was quite unusual among royalty during the era. While in the room below her, her husband was suffering of a fever which would reunite them again a couple of days later. This went on for a long six weeks during which Marie-Adélaïde constantly feared impending doom. They thought it might be measles… but then the rash disappeared again. At some point, he, being all sure of the Duchesse’s affections, found out he had a rival. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became Dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711. Louis XIV died in 1715, four days shy of his 77th birthday. And with Marie-Adélaïde’s death, the golden days of Versailles were finally over. As the Duc returned from a failed military campaign and all blame was put on him by an intrigue aiming to discredit him, Marie-Adélaïde, in love with him or not, was steadfast at his side. [4], Marie Adelaide was tiny, even described as "doll-sized." If wedded to the right person, they can secure peace for their native land. She cannot write to you, and you will easily understand why.”, Louis XIV was beside himself with grief. He wrote the following about this meeting to Madame de Maintenon: “She has the most graceful and perfect figure that I have ever seen; her dress and hair are like a picture; her eyes bright and very handsome, with admirable dark eyelashes; her complexion smooth, and as pink and white as heart could wish; and she has the most beautiful brown hair that you can imagine, and in great quantity; her mouth is red, her lips large, her teeth white, long, and very irregular; her hands are well shaped, but of the colour of her age. Elle fit la conquête du vieux roi Louis XIV, grand-père de son époux ainsi que de l'épouse secrète de celui-ci, Madame de Maintenon (qu'elle appelait familièrement "ma tante"). Marie-Adélaïde loved to tease him about his big belly and visited Saint-Cloud often. Yesterday I tried to resist her caresses, saying that I was too old, to which she replied, “Ah, point si vieille!” She came up to me, when the king had left the room, and kissed me.

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